Grade Point Averages (GPAs)

Expand All FAQ Questions

Q: How are the PharmCAS GPA’s calculated?

A: PharmCAS performs course-by-course verification once it receives ALL of your official U.S. transcripts, completed application, and correct fee. “Verification” refers to the matching of courses on your official transcripts with courses listed on the Coursework portion of your PharmCAS application.

To calculate a grade-point-average (GPA), PharmCAS determines your total number of quality points by multiplying semester hours attempted by the value of the verified PharmCAS grade. Quarter hours and units are converted to semester hours (quarter hours are multiplied by .667). The quality points are divided by the total number of hours for completed courses. PharmCAS will report your standardized GPA in semester-based 4.0 grading scale.

 
PharmCAS Weight PharmCAS Grade
4 A/A+
3.7 A-
3.5 AB
3.3 B+
3 B
2.7 B-
2.5 BC
2.3 C+
2 C
1.7 C-
1.5 CD
1.3 D+
1 D
0.7 D-
0.5 DE
0 F

The GPAs and total credit hours will be summarized by academic year within undergraduate (freshman through senior year), post-baccalaureate and graduate work. Additional GPAs will be calculated for each of the following course subjects:

  • Biochemistry
  • Biology & Other Life Sciences
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Math
  • Microbiology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Other Science
  • Physics
  • Social/Behavior Science

PharmCAS will generate the following GPA calculations:

Undergraduate GPAs:
Science, Non-Science, Math, Undergraduate Cumulative
Graduate / Professional GPAs:
Science, Non-Science, Math, Graduate/Professional Cumulative
Overall Cumulative GPA:
Undergraduate, Post BS Undergraduate, Graduate, and Professional Study
College/University GPA:
Separate GPA for college/university attended.

 

Q: Which course subjects are included when calculating each specific PharmCAS GPA?

A: Courses with the following Course Subjects are calculated into the Science GPA:

  • Biochemistry
  • Biology
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Other Science
  • Physics

Courses with the following Course Subjects are calculated into the Math GPA:

  • Math

Courses with the following Course Subjects are calculated into the Non-Science GPA:

  • Computer Science
  • Economics
  • English/Literature
  • General/Non-Science
  • Public Speaking
  • Social/Behavioral Science

Q: Why is my PharmCAS GPA different from what my transcripts provide for a GPA?

A: PharmCAS calculates a standardized GPA to help participating degree programs evaluate applicants using uniform and consistent criteria, regardless of different institutional transcript policies. PharmCAS GPAs are likely to be different from those calculated by the colleges and universities you attended due to the PharmCAS grade standardization process. (Institutions may choose to use the PharmCAS GPAs or calculate new GPAs for their own institutional use.)

  • GPAs include verified course data from accredited U.S. postsecondary institutions only.
  • All courses with credit hours and a PharmCAS Grade are calculated into the PharmCAS GPAs, regardless of whether the credit counts toward a degree or has been counted toward a college/university GPA.
  • PharmCAS counts grades and hours assigned by the school where the courses were originally taken, not by any school that has granted transfer credit. (The only exception to this rule is Study Abroad coursework that transferred to a U.S. institution with itemized credit and grades.)
  • PharmCAS will include ALL initial AND repeated course work in its GPA calculations.
  • Grades and credit hours for all FAILED courses will be included in the PharmCAS GPA, even if they are not included in the GPA calculations of the transcript-issuing institution. The schools to which you are applying may recalculate your GPA excluding repeated coursework.
  • The following course types are not counted in PharmCAS GPA calculations:
    • Advanced Placement
    • CLEP
    • Audit
    • Deferred
    • Institutional/Departmental Exam
    • International Baccalaureate
    • Incomplete
    • Pass/Fail
    • Withdrawn/Withdrawn Passing
    • Withdrawn Failing
  • If “Quarter”, PharmCAS system will automatically convert quarter hours to semester hours (Quarter Hour × .667).
  • If “Unit”. PharmCAS manually converts unit credits to semester hours for each course.
  • PharmCAS determines which courses should be included in each GPA by referring to code in “Course Subject” field.
  • Grade value of the course is multiplied by the semester hours for that course. The product of this multiplication equals the quality points.
  • Cumulative quality points are divided by the cumulative attempted hours. (Total Quality Points ÷ Total Credit Hours Attempted = GPA)
  • All credit hours are rounded to the hundredths place
  • PharmCAS GPAs are round at the hundredths place

Q: How do I convert the numeric grades on my transcript to a PharmCAS letter grade?

A: Some college transcripts report numeric grades, rather than alpha (letter) grades. Please refer to the key provided by the college either on the front or back of the transcript for a conversion scale. If the transcript DOES NOT provide a conversion scale, please refer to the conversion scales below:

Grade Conversion Table #1
Grade on Transcript (No alpha
grade key on transcript)
“PharmCAS Grade” and Value
100–90 A (4.0)
89–80 B (3.0)
79–70 C (2.0)
69–60 D (1.0)
<60 F (0.0)
 
Grade Conversion Table #2
Grade on Transcript (No alpha
grade key on transcript)
“PharmCAS Grade” and Value
4.00–3.80 A (4.0)
3.79–3.60 A- (3.7)
3.59–3.40 AB (3.5)
3.39–3.10 B+ (3.3)
3.09–2.80 B (3.0)
2.79–2.60 B- (2.7)
2.59–2.40 BC (2.5)
2.39–2.10 C+ (2.3)
2.09–1.80 C (2.0)
1.79–1.60 C- (1.7)
1.59–1.40 CD (1.5)
1.39–1.10 D+ (1.3)
1.09–0.80 D (1.0)
0.79–0.60 D- (0.7)
0.59–0.40 DE (0.5)
Less than or equal to 0.39 F (0.0)
Non-graded designations NONE

Q: How do I enter my coursework and grades if my transcript is a narrative (non-graded) transcript?

A: Most U.S. colleges and universities evaluate students’ work with a numeric (e.g., 4.0) or alpha grade (e.g., B+). Some schools evaluate students with a “narrative” – sentences or paragraphs discussing the student’s work. PharmCAS cannot verify narrative transcripts. If received, these transcripts will be scanned and sent electronically to your designated degree programs. The following schools use narratives evaluations completely or partially, or have used them during some period of time.

  • Antioch College
  • Bennington College
  • Evergreen College
  • Goddard College
  • Goshen College
  • Hampshire College
  • Hartwick College
  • Lindenwood College
  • New College of the University of South Florida
  • Pacific Oaks College
  • Prescott College
  • Sarah Lawrence College
  • SUNY at Purchase
  • University of California – Santa Cruz
  • University of Massachusetts – Boston
  • University of Minnesota – Twin Cities
  • World College West

Q: When will my GPAs be available?

A: Your PharmCAS GPAs will be available within 4 weeks from the date you e-submit your application, transcripts have been received and correct payment is received at PharmCAS.

Q: Where will I be able to view my GPAs?

A: To view your PharmCAS GPAs, login to your PharmCAS web application and click on GPA Calculations under the Status box found on the right side of the screen. To determine what classes are included in the PharmCAS GPAs, go to the “Coursework” section of your application. You will be able to determine if PharmCAS made any corrections to your course history based on your transcripts.

PharmCAS GPAs are likely to be different from those calculated by the colleges and universities you attended due to the PharmCAS grade standardization process. Your PharmCAS GPAs will be calculated within FOUR weeks after PharmCAS receives your completed application, ALL transcripts, and the correct fee payment. Please contact PharmCAS by email if you have difficulty accessing your account.

Sample GPA Table
Course Grade on Transcript Credits Attempted on Transcript PharmCAS Grade Calculation Quality Points
MATH 1100 100 3 A (4.0) = 4 × 3 12
ENGL 1310 90 3 B (3.0) = 3 × 3 9
GEOL 1610 80 4 C (2.0) = 2 × 4 8
PHED 1000 70 3 D (1.0) = 1 × 3 3
PSCI 1040 60 3 F (0.0) = 0 × 3 0
TOTAL 16 32

GPA Calculation:

32 (Quality Points) by 16 (Credit Hours Attempted) = 2.00 (GPA)

Q: What type of courses are included in my GPAs?

A: Any course from a regionally accredited institution with credit hours and a PharmCAS Grade is calculated into the PharmCAS GPA regardless of whether the credit counts toward a degree or has been counted toward a school’s GPA. PharmCAS counts grades and hours assigned by the school where the courses were originally taken, not by any school that has granted transfer credit. The only exception to this rule is Study Abroad coursework that transferred to a U.S. institution with itemized credit and grades. PharmCAS will include all initial and repeated course work in its GPA calculations. Grades and credit hours for all failed courses will be included in the PharmCAS GPA, even if they are not included in the GPA calculations of the transcript-issuing institution.

Q: What type of courses ARE NOT included in my GPAs?

A: The following types of course types are not counted in the PharmCAS GPA calculations.

  • Advanced Placement
  • CLEP
  • Audit
  • Deferred
  • Institutional/Departmental Exam
  • International Baccalaureate
  • Incomplete
  • Pass/Fail
  • Withdrawn/Withdrawn Passing
  • Withdrawn Failing

Q: Does PharmCAS include “Academic Bankruptcy” and “Freshman Forgiveness” courses in the PharmCAS GPAs?

A: YES. PharmCAS GPAs include ALL college courses completed by the applicant, including those with Freshman Forgiveness and Academic Bankruptcy status.

Q: Why is my PharmCAS GPA different from my college transcript?

A: PharmCAS calculates a standardized GPA to help participating degree programs evaluate applicants using uniform and consistent criteria, regardless of different institutional transcript policies. PharmCAS GPAs are likely to be different from those calculated by the colleges and universities you attended due to the PharmCAS grade standardization process. Degree programs may choose to use the PharmCAS GPAs or calculate new GPAs for their own use.

Q: What is the grading scale that PharmCAS uses to calculate GPAs?

A: The grading scale used at PharmCAS is as follows:

Grading Scale
A = 4.0
A- = 3.7
AB = 3.5
B+ = 3.3
B = 3.0
B- = 2.7
BC = 2.5
C+ = 2.3
C = 2.0
C- = 1.7
CD = 1.5
D+ = 1.3
D = 1.0
D- = 0.7
DE = 0.5
F = 0

Q: What do I do if I disagree with the PharmCAS GPA calculations?

A: PharmCAS GPAs are likely to differ from the GPAs calculated by the colleges you attended due to the GPA standardization process described above. First, check the “Coursework” section to determine if PharmCAS corrected any of your course history based on your transcripts. If corrections were made, compare your verified PharmCAS coursework to your transcript copies to see if they match. Using the converted PharmCAS Grades, attempt to re-calculate your GPA using the PharmCAS GPA rules.

PharmCAS Converted Grades × Semester Hours = Quality Points

Quality Points ÷ Semester Hours = PharmCAS GPAIf you do not believe PharmCAS properly verified your course work or calculated your GPAs, send an email to PharmCAS and write “GPA INQUIRY” in the Subject Line. PharmCAS cannot investigate GPA discrepancies over the phone. Include your full name and PharmCAS ID number. You must specify which course(s) you believe were verified incorrectly and which GPAs are affected. When you identify the course(s) in question, include the course title, prefix/number, institution, term, year, grade, credit/hours, and PharmCAS discrepancy. Failure to follow these steps may delay the review of your GPA. Please allow up to two weeks for PharmCAS to investigate and respond. If a PharmCAS error is detected, PharmCAS will immediately notify your designated degree programs and will generate a new course report and GPAs.

Q: If I have taken a course more than once, does PharmCAS take the higher grade?

A: If a course has been failed or repeated, BOTH grades are used in the calculation of the PharmCAS grade point averages.



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